Consecrated to the Heart of the Redeemer under the patronage of the Theotokos and Fr. Gerard Manley Hopkins, S.J.

15 April 2013

Where is God In The Boston Marathon Massacre?

After finishing a 13.1 mile run, I checked my phone to find multiple requests for "Prayers for Boston."  Scrolling further, I discovered the reason for the prayers: two explosions near the marathon finish line that have killed at least two and wounded at least twenty-three.  The explosions took place at about 2:50pm, during my run.  News is constantly being updated.

I thought immediately of Joe Muldowney, Schuylkill County native/resident and author of Running Shorts, the book and the blog.  In his blog, Joe has been sharing his excitement about today's event, as well as fond and foul memories of Bostons past (see the book for a more comprehensive treatment).  Joe has reported that he and his wife Crissy are indeed safe.  The blasts happened around the four-hour mark, but he probably finished at least a half-hour before that.  Of course, that doesn't obscure the gruesomeness of the bombing and the depravity of those responsible.

Based on my news feed alone, I attest that this disaster has galvanized the movement of prayers and kind thoughts.  Generous initiatives for blood donation, temporary shelter, and the like are now in force.    The goodness of humanity (whether the good people operate from a secular or sacred perspective) is refreshingly evident in the wake of tragedies.

Events like these also, and quite understandably, become the occasion for questioning the goodness and mercy of God.  I mean, one of the victims was an eight-year old boy!

I offer only one response to the questioners.  It is not quick and easy.  I offer the entire segment for your contemplation.  Perhaps in the future I can develop some ideas, but others can do it more skillfully.

The context is the Catechism of the Catholic Church's segment on creation--its origin and destiny, and the Providence that guides all things along the way.  Divine Guidance does not impede human freedom, which can be used for evil as readily as for good.  In the face of the Boston Marathon bombing and the myriad moral evils committed by nameless people and people we see in the mirror, the Catechism says:
309 If God the Father almighty, the Creator of the ordered and good world, cares for all his creatures, why does evil exist? To this question, as pressing as it is unavoidable and as painful as it is mysterious, no quick answer will suffice. Only Christian faith as a whole constitutes the answer to this question: the goodness of creation, the drama of sin and the patient love of God who comes to meet man by his covenants, the redemptive Incarnation of his Son, his gift of the Spirit, his gathering of the Church, the power of the sacraments and his call to a blessed life to which free creatures are invited to consent in advance, but from which, by a terrible mystery, they can also turn away in advance. There is not a single aspect of the Christian message that is not in part an answer to the question of evil.
310 But why did God not create a world so perfect that no evil could exist in it? With infinite power God could always create something better.174 But with infinite wisdom and goodness God freely willed to create a world "in a state of journeying" towards its ultimate perfection. In God's plan this process of becoming involves the appearance of certain beings and the disappearance of others, the existence of the more perfect alongside the less perfect, both constructive and destructive forces of nature. With physical good there exists also physical evil as long as creation has not reached perfection.175
311 Angels and men, as intelligent and free creatures, have to journey toward their ultimate destinies by their free choice and preferential love. They can therefore go astray. Indeed, they have sinned. Thus hasmoral evil, incommensurably more harmful than physical evil, entered the world. God is in no way, directly or indirectly, the cause of moral evil.176 He permits it, however, because he respects the freedom of his creatures and, mysteriously, knows how to derive good from it: For almighty God. . ., because he is supremely good, would never allow any evil whatsoever to exist in his works if he were not so all-powerful and good as to cause good to emerge from evil itself.177
312 In time we can discover that God in his almighty providence can bring a good from the consequences of an evil, even a moral evil, caused by his creatures: "It was not you", said Joseph to his brothers, "who sent me here, but God. . . You meant evil against me; but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people should be kept alive."178 From the greatest moral evil ever committed - the rejection and murder of God's only Son, caused by the sins of all men - God, by his grace that "abounded all the more",179 brought the greatest of goods: the glorification of Christ and our redemption. But for all that, evil never becomes a good.
313 "We know that in everything God works for good for those who love him."180 The constant witness of the saints confirms this truth: St. Catherine of Siena said to "those who are scandalized and rebel against what happens to them": "Everything comes from love, all is ordained for the salvation of man, God does nothing without this goal in mind."181
St. Thomas More, shortly before his martyrdom, consoled his daughter: "Nothing can come but that that God wills. And I make me very sure that whatsoever that be, seem it never so bad in sight, it shall indeed be the best."182  Dame Julian of Norwich: "Here I was taught by the grace of God that I should steadfastly keep me in the faith. . . and that at the same time I should take my stand on and earnestly believe in what Our Lord shewed in this time - that 'all manner [of] thing shall be well.'"183
314 We firmly believe that God is master of the world and of its history. But the ways of his providence are often unknown to us. Only at the end, when our partial knowledge ceases, when we see God "face to face",184 will we fully know the ways by which - even through the dramas of evil and sin - God has guided his creation to that definitive sabbath rest185 for which he created heaven and earth. 
Affirm with me the goodness of God, who, in ways we see and ways we may never fully comprehend this side of heaven, is present among and for His creation, loving it through its present trials. May the many good people out there respond with the Love that conquers sin, suffering, and death even as these realities persist in this world.

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